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Insomnia:Main Causes and Treatments

Insomnia is a problem that affects about 10% of adults. The causes of insomnia are many and may differ from one person to the other. ...

Insomnia is a problem that affects about 10% of adults. The causes of insomnia are many and may differ from one person to the other.
- Stress: Problems at work, children, health, family, death, illness, unemployment, divorce can disrupt sleep. The mind remains active at night and prevents sleep.
- Anxiety: Daily anguish and anxiety disorders, in particular, can disturb your sleep.
- Depression: You'll also have insomnia if you are depressed. Chemical imbalances in the brain or the worries that are related to depression may interfere with your relaxation makes you not fall asleep easily.
- Medications: Many medications helps disrupt sleep. Some antidepressants, heart medicines and blood pressure medicines, stimulants and corticosteroids can cause Insomnia. Antihistamines initially make you sound but aggravatingly causes urinary problems which requires you get up at night to go to the bathroom. Decongestants and also some painkillers can cause Insomnia.
- Alcohol, Nicotine, Caffeine: All drinks that contain caffeine, coffee, tea, cola are stimulating. Drinking Coffee in the evening or late at night can disrupt your sleep. Nicotine is also a stimulant which causes insomnia. Alcohol may help you sleep but it prevents deep sleep stages and promotes awakening in the middle of the night and taking too much may cause severe stomach pain during this time.
- Diseases: If you have chronic pain, respiratory problems or the need to urinate frequently, you may develop insomnia. Arthritis, cancer, heart failure, gastroesophageal reflux disease, hyperthyroidism, Parkinson's disease or Alzheimer's disease can cause Insomnia. Taking care of your health and making sure you take your medications may ease the pains caused by these diseases before bed and can help you sleep much better.
- Environmental Change or work schedule: Travel (jet lag), night work or offset can disturb circadian rhythms (A circadian rhythm is a type of biological rhythms (or bio-rhythms or bio-cycles) lasting about 24 hours), so it is difficult to sleep.
- Poor sleep habits: Stimulating activities before bed, poor bedding, Playing video games, watching TV in the room or working in bed, and having irregular sleep schedules are bad sleep hygiene. The room and the bed must be used only to sleep or make love.
- The fear of insomnia: If you worry too much about not being able to sleep well, if you are not at home and definitely want to fall asleep this will cause stress which ultimately prevents you from sleeping well.
- Hearty meal at night too: Taking light meals at night is good for those fighting overeating, but before bedtime these meals will make you feel heavy and can also cause heartburn or acid reflux when lying down making it very difficult to sleep and will keep you awake.
READ ALSO: How to Fight Lack Of Sleep
Insomnia and aging

Insomnia becomes more common with age. As we age,these changes may happen and affect your sleep:
- Changes in sleep patterns: We should sleep more as we get older. Noise or other phenomena are more likely to wake you up. As we age the internal clock forwards, making you sleep early in the evening but you wake up too early. Yet older people need the same amount of sleep as young people.
- Changes in activity: You may be less physically active but you should know that physical activity promotes sleep. You can make a siesta which should make you sleep more.
- Health problems: In women menopause and hot flashes can disrupt sleep.Men that have prostrate problems will often wake up at night to urinate which will interrupt their sleep. Chronic pain, anxiety and stress are also causes insomnia.
- Other disorders: The restless legs syndrome causes unpleasant sensations in the legs and a need for you to move can prevent you from falling asleep. Sleep apnea often makes your breathing stops periodically at night.
- Taking more drugs: Older people tend to take more medications than younger people. This increases the risk of insomnia caused by drugs. 
  Children and adolescents also have sleep problems. The fear of falling asleep, do not lie down at regular times. Their internal clock is delayed, they want to sleep late and of course get up later. The causes of insomnia have consequences for disrupting your daily activities and quality of life. Insomnia also has economic consequences, absence from work, social gathering and so on.



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TRENDS: Insomnia:Main Causes and Treatments
Insomnia:Main Causes and Treatments
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